What are the sectors of a company and their functions?

The division of tasks is the key to success for any organization. In small businesses, many times, just one person can be enough to perform one type of task. In larger companies, specific departments may be required.

The sectors of a company vary according to the size and type of activity it carries out. The way in which the functional areas are articulated depends on the organization chart of the company.

Despite the peculiarities, there are some functions that are essential for good management. If a company does not have its own department for any of these areas, it will generally be absorbed by another sector.

See below the list of the main departments of a company and their functions.

sector The administrative sector is the heart of the company. Responsible for strategic planning and task management, he coordinates and supervises the other sectors and provides the necessary data for decision-making by company executives.

In smaller companies, the administrative department can absorb other essential areas of general management, such as the human resources and finance sectors.

Financial sector

The finance department is the one that manages the resources of a company. It controls the treasury, investments and risks, in addition to the management of accounts and taxes, the financial planning of the company and the disclosure of its results.

The function of the finance department is to guarantee resources so that the company can meet its objectives, remaining active and competitive and guaranteeing not only immediate profits, but also in the long term.

In many companies, the finance department is separate from the accounting sector. In this case, the accounting department takes care of more day-to-day tasks, such as cash flow, accounts payable, and all asset and liability transactions.

In this case, the financial sector assumes the most strategic functions, such as the analysis of results and investments.

Human resources sector

The human resources department is responsible for recruiting staff and managing people.

Seeks solutions to conflicts, controls arrival and departure times of workers, overtime and establishes talent retention policies, among other functions.

Therefore, the human resources sector focuses on the internal customer of the company, that is, its group of employees.

The human resources department is responsible for establishing motivation and training policies. In addition, you must establish career plans and promotions, and work to improve relationships between teams and the quality of life of employees.

Commercial section

Also called the marketing department, the focus of the business sector is on the company’s external customers. He is responsible for sales, ensuring the generation of income for the company.

For this, the commercial department needs to worry about knowing the company’s clients to satisfy their needs.

This sector is responsible for creating dissemination strategies and defining the most appropriate forms of sale to reach the target audience, in addition to retaining the already-earned clientele.

Operational sector

The operational department, which in some cases can be called the production sector or the technical sector, is responsible for managing the entire process of transforming the inputs into the final product.

It controls the entry and consumption of raw materials, provides logistical support, manages the use and maintenance of machinery and equipment and monitors the productivity levels of the company.

Their role is to ensure that the operation runs smoothly, with the aim of ensuring that the company obtains the highest possible production by applying the minimum amount of resources.