Professional skills and competencies

The skills and competencies of a professional can be developed and are prerequisites for companies. Competition in the job market has increased steadily and skills well presented in the curriculum can be a huge differentiator for hiring.

The competence is a structured modality in knowledge, that is, the ability to fulfill an objective and, for a professional, they are the ones that help them to fulfill their tasks.

Ability, on the other hand, is a type of these competencies and is more linked to “know-how”, which indicates the way in which each professional is capable of carrying out an activity.

Between these two qualities it is possible to know what a person knows how to do (skills) and how they know how to put what they know into practice (skills).

Skills and competencies in the curriculum.

Skills and competencies are personal qualities of each professional, but it is important to know how to define both when completing them in the curriculum.

It is common for many people to put personality traits in this section when they are confused with true personal skills. To do it correctly, you need to define each one and put them together in the right way.


Ability reveals   a person’s initial ability to do something, indicated by their own learning in courses or training in a specific area, or even psychological characteristics such as motivation or self-confidence.

A skill can be technical, with the understanding and mastery of a certain activity, as well as the human kind, to know how to coordinate, lead or resolve conflicts.

There is also a more conceptual type of skill, which occurs when someone knows how to work with a certain idea and reason over the whole group, very common for business managers.

For example, a professional may be an expert in computers  ,  writing, managing his own time, being a leader, communicating, or also experienced in a certain task.


We can define competencies as the set of skills, knowledge, behaviors or attitudes that allow the professional to perform the tasks with the greatest probability of success.

Compared with the skills, which define the initial knowledge for a certain task, the competence begins to develop, in a broader context, all the knowledge and talents acquired.

The combination of talent and skill allows each professional to continuously qualify and search for better results.

For example, someone with a skill in a  software  can present several competences in addition to their own training to use it, such as creativity, the ability to plan a certain using this tool, among others.

It is necessary, then, to know how to build a curriculum that becomes attractive from the union of skills with competencies, “knowing how to do” with “how to do”.

Skill development can be done in a number of ways, so the skills of each professional can be the biggest differentiator for the job market and competition for a job vacancy.